Survey on youth attitudes to COVID-19 in Japan

COVID-19 pandemic has continued to have a major impact on many aspects of life, including work, private life, human relationships and thus, it has made us reflect on how we have lived our life so far and how we will live from now on.

From June 12 through 30, just after the State of Emergency in Japan was lifted, Soka Gakkai Youth Division members conducted an online awareness survey throughout the country (47 prefectures) targeting teens to 40s to learn about the changes in their lives, values and psychological states.

Q0Overall Data Attributes (Gender/Age/Profession)

Age

Profession

Q1Was your income affected by COVID19?

Age


The response “No impact” was the highest at 62.3%. A total of 34.1% answered either “Income decreased” or “Income decreased a little,” revealing that there were in fact people whose income was impacted.

Q2-1Did you experience stress from imposed restrictions?

Age


Over 70% responded that they felt stress from imposed restrictions. There was not much difference in responses based on age group.

Q2-2For those who responded they felt stress in 2-1 above, which of the following factors contributed to that stress (multiple answers allowed)?

Age

Item description

Item1:Fear of infection
Item2:Not being able to do things freely
Item3:Decreased contact with people
Item4:Lack of exercise
Item5:Impact on work/school
Item6:Uncertainty regarding work
Item7:Time with family
Item8:Remote work (online classes)
Item9:Childcare and child education
Item10:Being in poor health
Item11:Personal attacks on individuals and stores not following imposed restrictions

Answers such as “Fear of infection,” “Not being able to do things freely” and “Decreased contact with people” had the highest response rate. Based on age group, the response “Fear of infection” seemed to increase with age.

Q2-3Due to imposed restrictions, what did you have more time to do, besides work (please select up to three)

Age

Item description

Item1:Watch videos (including movies)
Item2:Watch TV
Item3:Use of SNS
Item4:Talk to family
Item5:Cook
Item6:Play games
Item7:Read/study
Item8:Internet surf
Item9:Talk to others (by phone or by video chat)
Item10:Exercise at home
Item11:Shop (including online shopping)
Item12:Take walks outside
Item13:Nothing in particular

“Watch videos,” Watch TV” and “Use of SNS” had the highest response rate, in that order. The response rate for “Watch TV” and “Use of SNS” was the highest among those aged 10-29.

Q3Through living with imposed restrictions, what did you come to value most (multiple answers allowed)?

Age

Item description

Item1:Meeting with people directly
Item2:Correct information
Item3:Spending time with friends
Item4:Awareness of health
Item5:Ability to earn a living (having savings, etc.)
Item6:Awareness of dangers
Item7:Time with family
Item8:Going outside
Item9:Using the internet effectively
Item10:Work
Item11:Having hobbies
Item12:Having alone time
Item13:Awareness of environmental issues
Item14:International cooperation
Item15:Coworkers
Item16:Nothing in particular

The response “Meeting with people directly” had the highest response at over 62%. Though “Correct information” and “Time with friends” received relatively high responses, with differences in response rates based on age group, “Meeting with people directly” had a high response across all ages.

Q4-1Did you work remotely or take classes online during the period of imposed restrictions?

Age


A little under 40% of respondents experienced remote work or online classes. There were many who answered “Yes” in the age group of 10-19, from which we can infer that online classes were common among students.

Q4-2For those who responded “Yes” in 4-1, please share your impressions of your experience.

Age


Asked about their experience of working or taking classes online, over 75% of respondents said they had a positive experience. If we look at the results by age group, those between ages 10-19 were relatively dissatisfied with their experience.

Q4-3For those who responded “Yes” in 4-1, do you think remote work will become normalized?

Age


Over 70% of respondents who said they worked remotely or took classes said they thought remote work would become normalized.

Q4-4For those who responded “Not so much” or “Not at all” in 4-3, what are your reasons for believing so (multiple answers allowed)?

Age

Item description

Item1:Work/university policies
Item2:Issue with work/study environment (i.e., lack of space)
Item3:Problems with PC performance and internet
Item4:Challenges with sustained ability to focus
Item5:Communication challenges with boss, coworkers or classmates
Item6:Challenge with transitioning from work to private mode
Item7:Challenges with managing time
Item8:Not getting used to online tools

Those who responded that remote work would not become normalized offered the following reason, in order of highest response rate: “Work and/or university policies,” “Challenges with work/study environment” and “Problems with PC performance and internet.” There was a big difference in responses between those in the age groups of 10-19 and 20s.